Le colloque Beyond Brain Drain. Skills and Mobility Without Methodological Nationalism s’est tenu les 26 et 27 mars 2015 à Paris Descartes.
Lien vers les vidéos ici.
BEYOND BRAIN DRAIN
SKILLS & MOBILITY WITHOUT METHODOLOGICAL NATIONALISM
In the late 20th century, the metaphor of “brain drain” dominated the analysis of skilled labor mobility. Indebted to methodological nationalism, the metaphor framed the analysis as if nation-states were the primary unit of analysis and concern. The focus was on how countries are affected by highly-skilled migration, what policies they should adopt, and what obligations do individuals owe to the countries. While constantly assuming that skilled migration is detrimental to the countries of origin, the definition of the “skilled” varied significantly through the stages this debate: the scientists of the 1960s have been replaced by the “professionals, technical and kindred workers” in the 1970s and by doctors and nurses from the 1990s on. In four decades, the emigrants’ educational level required to be labeled “highly skilled” and qualify as a loss to one’s country has dropped from the once-obligatory doctorate to only two years of tertiary education. While in more recent times, rival metaphors such as “brain gain” and “brain circulation” counteracted the assumption of the detrimental character of emigration, new metaphors like “care drain” and “brawn drain” continued to feed it.
This conference builds on the recent critique according to which results in social sciences and arguments in political theory are often distorted by methodologically nationalist assumptions. The aim of the conference is to reframe the analysis of skilled labor mobility without the assumptions suggested by the “brain drain” metaphor.
THURSDAY 26TH MOBILITY
INTRODUCTION: CHAIR: STÉPHANE CHAUVIER (P4)
9.15 – 9.30 SPERANTA DUMITRU (PARIS 5) INTRODUCING THE PROJECT
9.30 – 10.15 ALEX SAGER (PORTLAND) THE CRITIQUE OF METHODOLOGICAL NATIONALISM AND “BRAIN DRAIN”
NEITHER UTILITY, NOR RIGHTS?
CHAIR: CAROLINE CAPLAN (PARIS 5)
10.30 – 11.30 ANTOINE PÉCOUD (PARIS 13) BRAIN DRAIN AND THE FREE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE
11.30 – 12.15 ADINA PREDA (LIMERICK) SOME REFLECTIONS ABOUT THE RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS TO MIGRATE
THE STATES’ PERSPECTIVE
CHAIR: CAMILLE SCHMOLL (P7)
14.30- 15.15 LUCIE CERNA (COMPAS OXFORD) THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE WAR ON TALENT
15.15 – 16.00 OLIVIERO ANGELI (DRESDEN) TAXING THE ENTRANTS TO PROTECT THE STAYERS? ON THE PROSPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY OF SKILLED MIGRANTS
A PLEA FOR CHANGE
CHAIR: HÉLÈNE THIOLLET (CERI)
16.15 – 17.15 MICHAEL CLEMENS (CGD, WASHINGTON): LOSING OUR MINDS? A FRESH START IN CONSIDERING POLICY TOWARD SKILLED EMIGRATION
17.15 – 17.45 GENERAL DISCUSSION
FRIDAY 27TH SKILLS
WHOSE SKILLS, WHICH SERFDOM?
CHAIR: SHIRIN SHAHROKNI (INED)
9.30- 10.15 VALERIA OTTONELLI (Genova): THE « GLOBAL DRAIN » OF DOMESTIC CARE WORK: WHAT’S WRONG WITH IT?
10.30 – 11.30 BERNARDO BOLANOS & CAMELIA TIGAU (Mexico): DIASPORAS AND COLONIALISM. THE GEOPOLITICAL DIMENSION OF SKILLED MIGRATION
11.30 – 12.15 CHRISTINE STRAEHLE (Ottawa): ARE THEY MY SKILLED? ANTI-EMIGRATION MEASURES FROM A LIBERAL PERSPECTIVE
CHAIR: STÉPHANE DUFOIX (PARIS 10)
14.00- 14.45 PHILLIP COLE (U WEST OF ENGLAND): LABOR MOBILITY:TOWARDS A COSMOPOLITAN ETHIC
14.45 – 15.30 JEAN-BAPTISTE MEYER (IRD Montpellier): BRAIN DRAIN AND THE COSMOPOLIS: CONFLICTING VIEWS… OR MAY BE NOT
TOWARDS A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON SKILLS
CHAIR: YVES BOQUET (U OF BOURGOGNE)
16.00 – 17.00 PARVATI RAGHURAM (Open University) DIS/LOCATING SKILLS
17.00 – 17.30 GENERAL DISCUSSION